ALERT!!! RFID chips reported to being readied for implantation into Humans, for a MARK and TRACKING DEVICE
PROCLAIMING THE HISTORIC FAITH OF THE WHOLE GOSPEL UNTO THE ENDS OF THE EARTH, WHILE THERE IS STILL TIME
The Return of Our Lord Jesus Christ draws Nigh; an all the world has become Babylon. All ye Nations, and all ye Churches;
Repent NOW for the Return of Our Lord is SOON! DO not say: "Who am I to judge?" as did the vascillating leader of one huge
denomination in 2013; tell the truth when confronted with grave questions of absolute morality; and biblical authority.
Proclaiming Jesus's Return as IMMINENT
Studies in Bible Prophecy,the Book of Revelation,the Rapture,Second Coming of Christ, and the Acts 2:38
Message Unto the Ends of the Earth
JESUS IS COMING BACK...ARE YOU READY?
Whether He comes back to the Earth first...or whether you DIE first, before He returns, we are ALL going
to MEET JESUS very soon!
Being ready is the most important thing that we can do, and to know that we are ready, is the most important
thing we can know...for JESUS CHRIST is the most important PERSON we can ever meet, for He is the way, the truth, and the
life, and no man cometh unto the Father, but by Him,Amen.
LAST DAYS UPDATE
PRAY for all Egyptian Christians. Islamic Jihadist terrorists are attacking
their Churches and have burnt at least 57 Churches in Egypt as of today. Some are knocking down steeple crosses and planting
Al-Qaeda flags on them. Two Churches were stolen at gunpoint and turned into mosques. Pray to Our heavenly Father that He
will send supernatural deliverance to the persecuted Church in Egypt now!
JUNE 1, 2013
In the last few weeks we have witnessed the following events:
2 Chechen Muslim Jihadists bmbed te Boston marathon in Boston
Massachusetts, creating several and wounding and maiming many.
A week ago Muslim Jihadists ran over a British Army soldier
in London and then stabbed and decapitated him. The Bible tells us in Revelation that the saints of the tribulation will be
beheaded for the testimony of Jesus.
A week ago a horrible tornado struck Norman Oklahoma, causing
loss of life and untold ruin.
Two days ago a tornado struck Broken Arrow oklahoma.
Last night a series of tornadoes devastated Oklahoma and Missouri
with the worst occurring around El Reno and Oklahoma City.
A view of a contemporary Euro Coin showing on one side an image of a woman riding on an image of a beast.
Large asteroid DA 14 narrowly misses Earth by 17,ooo miles; comes closer than our TV satellites; while the
same morning a large meteor hits central Russia in the Ural mountain range, and explodes, injuring between 500 and 750 people.
Also, the Pope has just resigned. Is this science-fiction? No. This is the current news.
Yes, JESUS CHRIST is coming back. He has not just left us to our own devices. He guards,
guides, and governs His People who are purchased by Faith in His Blood, EVERYDAY, as the HOLY SPIRIT or HOLY GHOST, which
is CHRIST IN US, THE HOPE OF GLORY. "The LORD is that Spirit". Yet, still He is personally returning to this old world,
to personally sit upon the throne of King David, where He will reign over all the Earth in what is called the Milenial Kingdom
, or Thousand Year reign. This is taught specifically in the Book of Revelation. This world will not be destroyed by Polar
reversal or any other so-called "Mayan" theory. It will be reigned over by JESUS, where the righteous shall flourish. Then
at the end of the thousand years, will come the Final Judgment, the Great White Throne Judgment. Here all who have refused
every offer of God's Mercy in Christ, will be consigned to eternal punishment in the Lake of Fire with the devil and his fallen
angels. Then will come a new Heavens and a new earth, wherein dwelleth righteouysness. Hopefully, you have made up your mind
TO NOT BE LEFT OUT...Turn to JESUS today, Repent of your sins and sinfulness, call on JESUS in FAITH, for Saving Justification,
and then receive the New Birth of water and the Spirit by being Baptized with water,in the Name of the Father,
and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit; and confess your faith in Christ Jesus to others publicly.
IN FUTURE BIBLE PROPHECY...What happens AFTER the American prescence in Iraq.
America is currently embroiled in a lengthy conflict at this time in
IRAQ. And we at Last Days want to tell all our men and women of the military, we support you, and we pray for you and for
your safety. We have one family member on his third war time tour now, and another one probably soon to join him.
Many people ask, Is this in the Bible? In spite of twisted references
from Jeremiah 50, I say NO it is not specifically in the Bible...this American intervention anyway. But the Bible does speak
of the future of the land that is now IRAQ, in the end days before the coming of our Lord and Saviour JESUS.
When we look at Revelation 13 we see the Beast that comes up out of
the sea. The SEA is the sea of nations. This beast is the Antichrist and his empire. (his original empire, before it conquers
the world. It is LIKE the leopard beast of Daniel but it is NOT IT...it is LIKE it. The leopard of Daniel is the whole Alexander
the Great Empire...the land that became the Seleucid Empire in Asia, and then was variously controlled by the Romans, the
Byzantine Romans, the Parthians, and now the ARABS. It the beast; has the feet of the BEAR...in Daniel the Bear Beast wwas
Media-Persia (modern day IRAN), and it has the MOUTH of the Lion beast of Daniel. (the lion beast was the Babylonian Empire
of Nebuchadnezzar). So there will be A UNITING ELEMENT for IRAN, IRAQ, and all the eastern Arab countries...I dare say that
this union will NOT be brought about by America...but rather will be instigated by the satanic antichrist as uses the headstrong
zeal of the arabs and connives them into following him in his evil designs. Therefore, IRAQ must probably be going to become
some sort of ISLAMIC republic, before the day when it hands its authority along with Iran, over to the antichrist.
Remember, "CHRIST DIED FOR OUR SINS" (ICOR 15:3) and HE IS RISEN and
will save WHOSOEVER WILL that will come to Him in repentance of their sins and place life changing faith in Him (ROM 10:10-13)
Acts 2:38 then tells us to be BAPTIZED for the REMISSION of our sins, and receive the Holy Spirit.
Have you taken that step yet today? Go to our Home page to see how.
Also, make sure you check out our page 5 in this series, on: Where does the Antichrist
come from. The Bible is very specific on this, and it may surprise some.
UPDATE: We now know that in addition to the sectarian Islamic violence in Iraq,
that there is now a persecution of Christians and other minorities that is not being noticed by the media. The recor of St.
George's Anglican Church of Baghdad reports that 36 members of his congregation have been kidnapped, and only has been freed.
In addition, all the remaining Jews of Baghdad are in complete hiding.
We must continue to pray for the persecuted believers in Iraq and other places,
like Darfur and Myanmar, who are literallly being martyred for the testimony of their saving Faith in Jesus Christ. May the
Lord grant us the holy boldness which these witnesses of Him have in the face of life threatening dangers.
Now, several years after I wrote these words above, we continue to see Christian
believers persecuted for their faith in Christ there in Iraq. Pray for the safety of all Christians in Iraq: Assyrian (Chaldean/Nestorian);
West Syrian Jacobite Christians, Evangelicals, Anglicans at St. George's Cathedral, Chaldean Catholics and others...all share
equally in the danger...and all place their testimony in Christ above the value of their own lives, and they demonstrate this
though their bravery day by day...many have been called upon to give their lives up, lkike the martyrs of old, to die for
the testimony of Jesus. Below are examples of their courage and their faith.
Early Post-Biblical Pre-Trib rapture
teaching by Ephraem the Syrian around 373 AD:
"For all the saints and Elect of God are gathered, prior to the tribulation that is to
come, and are taken to the Lord lest they see the confusion that is to overwhelm the world because of our sins"
BAGHDAD IRAQ, Oct 31 2010 seven Iraqi Christians
died on Sunday when police stormed a Baghdad church where gunmen were holding dozens of parishioners hostage, threatening
to kill them if al Qaeda prisoners were not released.
between seven and 10 hostages and seven members of the Iraqi security forces, and five to seven attackers, were killed
in the rescue operation.
Witnesses reported seeing bodies inside the church after the terrorists with suicide vests blew themselves up as govt.
forces stormed the sanctuary.
The murderers laid siege to one of Baghdad's biggest Nestorian churches as more than 100 believers attended Sunday
mass near the heavily fortified Green Zone
Lieutenant Colonel Bloom, U.S. military spokesman in Iraq, says three militants exploded their suicide vests as govt.
forces stormed the church. He said a total of 120 hostages were detained by the assailants, and that 30 people were wounded.
,The Iraqi civil defence spokesman, says 15 civilians, four policemen and eight attackers were killed.
Al Qaeda's Iraqi spokespeple claimed responsibility for this devilish attack on "the dirty place of the infidel which
Iraqi Christians have long used as a base to fight Islam".as they blaspheme Christ's Church with their slurs.
The murderors say this is an action against the Christian church in Egypt.
As the battle happened, army helicopters flew low overhead and guns fired out in the populated l neighborhood. Streets
around the Assyrian Catholic church were quickly blocked off.
There was a Christian woman who was held inside in the Assyrian Church said...were many bodies inside.
"While I was trying to find my way out, in the dark, I walked over bodies," the parishoner said, "There are many bodies
NOTE: ORIGINALLY WE REPORTED THAT SEVEN BELIEVERS DIES...NOW THE IRAQI GOVERNMENT SAYS 46 died, out of 100 in the Church).
Pray for their families and those who survived.
(Below is a photo of the interior of the Sanctuary of the Cathedral after the attack by the Al-Qaeda)
Now, al-Qaeda says that "All Christian centres,
organisations and institutions, leaders and followers, are legitimate targets for the mujahedeen (holy warriors) wherever
they can reach them," in a statement by self-proclaimed Islamic State of Iraq (ISI), a local branch of Osama bin Laden's jihadist
Its gunmen were the attackers at the Syrian Nestorian Baghdad cathedral on Sunday Nov 2 2010 that ended with the deaths
of 46 believers, including two Nestorian Christian priests.
This is confirmed by Chaldean bishop,the Most Rev. Shlimoune Wardouni
It has come to my attention, after seeing the text of the Bible Code
III book (by Michael Drosnin) that through his research of the Bible Code and current affairs political and military; that
he claims there are strong indications that the Al-Qaeda and Bin-Laden will come to possess, or may already possess nuclear
weapons, which they would, then in turn, attempt to explode or shoot into our Western, specifically, American Nation. I can
neither confirm nor disavow the allegations of Mr. Drosnin. I have, however, been very aware of the so-called "Bible Code"
research since I first began to read extensively about it back in 1997. Since that time, Rev. Paul Crouch of Trinity Broadcasting
Network, and Rev. Grant Jeffrey, have both come out with excellent books on the workings of the Torah Code, laced through
all five Books of Moses. So, I believe that this all bears diligent watching, and would sincerely and earnestly implore all
Christians to pray for the 1. National Repentance of this country, that we will be delivered from such catastrophes, and come
to serve God as a nation once again; 2. Pray for both America and the Nation of Israel to have God-given success in hunting
Al-Qaeda; and 3. Pray for the personal safety of the President of the United States. All these things I sincerely commend
to you, our readers and brethren in Christ, in Jesus' Holy Name.
THE ANTICHRIST AND WHERE HE WILL COME FROM
The He Goat of Daniel 8 is a symbol of Alexander "the Great" and his empire; which
as we know; in its brief zenith, stretched from Macedon and Greece across the Middle East, into western India and included
the former kingdoms once owned by Assyria, Baylon, Persia, Egypt, and Bactria. This He Goat had a HORN between his eyes. This
Represented Alexander. Then the horn was suddenly BROKEN OFF. This represented his sudden death at the height of his Power.
Then in his place the empire was divided as know between his four leading generals who scurried to divide up the civilized
world between them. Without going into great detail on each general (Cassander, Seleucus, Lysimachus, and Ptolemy) we see
that a LITTLE HORN in Daniel 8:9 grew off of one of the four horns. It in fact grew off of the horn of the Seleucid Emperors,
who controlled the Middle East, Israel Old Assyria (the area around Moswul Iraq, Babylon ( most of the nation of Iraq, Persia
(modern Iran) and Bactria (modern Afghanistan). This little horn would be a FORE-TYPE of the AntiChrist, a Syrian named Antiochus
Epiphanes. He would blaspheme the LORD GOD (YHWH) and sacrifice a PIG in the Temple at Jerusalem and placed a Statue of the
False pagan god Zeus into the Holy of Holies of the Temple of YHWH. He then tried to eradicate all Jews would not become pagans,
and abandon the Law of Moses. SO SINCE this blasaphemer isd the FORE RUNNER...and ANTICHRIST himself is a little horn in Daniel
7:8, we see that AntiChrist will come from somewhere within the borders of the Old Seleucid Syrian Empire. ( Thats just for
starters, come back to this site in a few days for more info that narrows the focus on where the man of sin will come from.
JESUS IS LORD OF HEAVEN AND EARTH.
The Antichrist is known as the ASSYRIAN. This is the Empire which preceded Babylon. But it was conquered
and assimilated by Babylon BEFORE the capture of Judah by Nebuchadnezzar. The Assyrian people still exist in Iraq. Mosul,
in Northern Iraq is at the ruins of Nineveh.
The final man of sin will be an Assyrian as all the Prophets foretell in the Old Testament. This is also part of the
Old Seleucid Empire after Alexander's death.
This is also part of the Eastern Roman Empire, the Left Foot, so to speak of the IMAGE envisioned by Nebuchadnezzar...the
Empire now controlled by Muslim states.
Antichrist's Coming Empire
2:19-45. (scope of time=606 BC to ? AD. The Head of this image was fine gold, the breast and arms of silver, the belly
and thighs of brass, legs of iron, and feet part of iron and part of clay. The golden Head was King Nebuchadnezzar with his
Babylonian Empire.It would fall to an INFERIOR Kingdom, symbolized by decreasing values of the precious metals: the Medes
and the Persians. The Persians are now IRAN. This fell to the amorphous empire of Alexander 'the great'. Daniel does not at
this point delineate into the four way partition of Alexander's empire after his death, but he does prophesy it later in DN
8:22. He moves along here to the legs of iron, symbolizing both the fact of ROME'S strength, and the fact that Rome would
be renowned for their state of the art iron weaponry, with which they conquered the Mediterranean Region and the Fertile Crescent.
NOW' HERE IS WHERE THE PARADIGM SHIFT MUST OCCUR IN MUCH OF TODAY'S PROPHECY TEACHING. Note that the legs are TWO. This is
because the Roman Empire was separated into TWO Empires, as you probably know. The Western Empire, out of Rome, and Mostly
LATIN, fell officially in 476 AD. The Eastern Empire, out of Constantinople, and mostly GREEK, limped along until 1453 AD
when it was conquered by the Turkish Sultan Mehmet. These legs obviously each had FEET with FIVE TOES on each foot. But for
some reason, many Bible Prophecy teachers act as if all ten toes were on the right foot. NO. There are five on each. Five
for kingdoms within the Old region of the Western Empire and FIVE ON THE LEFT FOOT symbolizing KINGDOMS WITHIN the regions
of the Old Eastern Empire, THE REGIONS NOW CONTROLLED 100% BY ISLAM. BOTH figure prominently in End Time Prophetic teaching,
and one cannot be ignored for the other. The endtime empire of Antichrist will arise from a bizarre union of ISLAM and the
EUROPEAN UNION; both of which stand against BORN AGAIN CHRISTIANITY.
It has come to my attention, after seeing the text of the Bible Code
III book (by Michael Drosnin) that through his research of the Bible Code and current affairs political and military; that
he claims there are strong indications that the Al-Qaeda and Bin-Laden will come to possess, or may already possess nuclear
weapons, which they would, then in turn, attempt to explode or shoot into our Western, specifically, American Nation.
I can neither confirm nor disavow the allegations of Mr. Drosnin. I have, however, been very aware of the so-called "Bible
Code" research since I first began to read extensively about it back in 1997. Since that time, Rev. Paul Crouch of Trinity
Broadcasting Network, and Rev. Grant Jeffrey, have both come out with excellent books on the workings of the Torah Code, laced
through all five Books of Moses. So, I believe that this all bears diligent watching, and would sincerely and earnestly implore
all Christians to pray for the 1. National Repentance of this country, that we will be delivered from such catastrophes,
and come to serve God as a nation once again; 2. Pray for both America and the Nation of Israel to have God-given success
in hunting Al-Qaeda; and 3. Pray for the personal safety of the President of the United States. All these things I sincerely
commend to you, our readers and brethren in Christ, in Jesus' Holy Name.
Also please look at the new info on the persecution of Christians in Iraq 2010
that is still ongoing; we have this available at:
Under the notion that the Antichrist, as a single individual,
might be of Jewish origin, many fancy that the mention of "Dan," in Jeremiah 8:16, and the omission of that name from
those tribes listed in Revelation 7, might indicate Antichrist's tribe. This surmisal became the foundation of a series of
subsequent erroneous interpretations by others.(Last Days Ministries does not believe that
Antichrist will be Jewish or from Dan. We follow the Old Testament teaching that he will be the ASSYRIAN. So many have mistakenly
assumed that he could be one of various European or American entities. But this is not what the Holy Scriptures teach.)
on the Revelation from Saint Irenaeus, Apostolic Bishop and Disciple ofSaint Polycarp, the Disciple of St.John
Time, Times and Half a Time
Like the other early church fathers,Saint Irenaeus interpreted the three and one-half "times" of the Little Horn
of Daniel 7 as three and one-half literal years. Antichrist's three and a half years of sitting in the temple are placed immediately
before the Second Coming of Christ.
They are identified as the second half of the "one week" of Daniel 9. Irenaeus says nothing of the seventy weeks; we do
not know whether he placed the “one week” at the end of the seventy or whether he had a gap period.
Irenaeus is the first of the church fathers to consider the mystic number 666. While Irenaeus did propose some solutions
of this numerical riddle, his interpretation was quite reserved. Thus, he cautiously states: "But knowing the sure number
declared by Scripture, that is six hundred sixty and six, let them await, in the first place, the division of the kingdom
into ten; then, in the next place, when these kings are reigning, and beginning to set their affairs in order, and advance
their kingdom, [let them learn] to acknowledge that he who shall come claiming the kingdom for himself, and shall terrify
those men of whom we have been speaking, have a name containing the aforesaid number, is truly the abomination of desolation."
Although Irenaeus did speculate upon two names to symbolize this mystical number, namely Teitian and Latienios, nevertheless
he was content to believe that the Antichrist would arise some time in the future after the fall of Rome and then the meaning
of the number would be revealed==
Millennium and the Parousia of Our Lord Jesus Christ
Irenaeus declared that the Antichrist's future three-and-a-half-year reign, when he sits in the temple at Jerusalem, will
be ended by the second advent, (THE PAROUSIA)with the resurrection of the just, the destruction for the wicked, and the millennial
reign of the righteous. The general resurrection and the judgment follow the descent of the New Jerusalem at the end of the
Irenaeus called those "heretics" who maintain that the saved are immediately glorified in the kingdom to come after death,
before their resurrection. He avers that the millennial kingdom and the resurrection are actualities, not allegories, the
first resurrection introducing this promised kingdom in which the risen saints are described as ruling over the renewed earth
during the millennium, between the two resurrection
Irenaeus held to the old Jewish tradition that the first six days of creation week were typical of the first six thousand
years of human history, with Antichrist manifesting himself in the sixth period. And he expected the millennial kingdom to
begin with the second coming of Christ (THE PAROUISA) to destroy the wicked and inaugurate, for the righteous, the reign of
the kingdom of God during the seventh thousand years, the millennial Sabbath, as signified by the Sabbath of creation week.
LITERAL THOUSAND YEARS
In common with many of the fathers, Irenaeus did not distinguish between the new earth re-created in its eternal state--the
thousand years of Revelation 20--when the saints are with Christ after His second advent, and the Jewish traditions of the
Messianic kingdom. Hence, he applies Biblical and traditional ideas to his descriptions of this earth during the millennium,
throughout the closing chapters of Book 5. This conception of the reign of resurrected and translated saints with Christ on
this earth during the millennium-popularly known as chiliasm--was the increasingly prevailing belief of this time. Incipient
distortions due to the admixture of current traditions, which figure in the extreme forms of chiliasm, caused a reaction against
the earlier interpretations of Bible prophecies,Studying Revelation...now includes comments from Apostolic Era author
Irenaeus, disciple of Polycarp
The above refers much to the writings of the Sub-Apostolic Bishop Irenaeus, Bishop of Lyons. The following is where the
Bible Study on Revelation by the Reverend David Ellis commences. This is ongoing, and will continue to add to the content.
PRAISE THE LORD JESUS...Yeshua Ha Mashea. He is coming again in great glory to judge both the living
and the dead... BUT FIRST...various things must occur. These things...these events are enumerated in detail by the Prophet
John in the final Book of the Word of God: REVELATION.
This does not propose to be a thorough study through the entire
Book of Revelation, but it is...rather; a series of helpful notes, thoughts, and outlines for the Christian as well as the
interested Non-Christian to use as they study these fascinating truthes from God's Holy Word.
First let us always
remember that the TRIBULATION is a SEVEN year event...and not just a 3 and a 1/2 year event. Also, that it is the TIME OF
JACOB'S TROUBLE. And that JACOB or Yacov (Hebrew) is ISRAEL. The Church is not JACOB; nor is the tribulation the time of the
Church's trouble; nor is that ever even inferred.THIS is not to assume that the church goes through the tribulation. The
Church of all those who are born again, will go up first with Jesus in the RAPTURE. Our study becomes much more clear if we
keep these simple Bible truthes in mind.
I will continue on soon with an outline on the Book of Revelation that you
may want to copy and use in your Church's study .
Public Domain Commentary on REVELATION Chapter One by the late Adam Clarke
THE REVELATION OF ST. John THE DIVINE
Chronological Notes relative to this Book.
Year of the Constantinopolitan era of the world, or that used by the Byzantine historians, and other eastern writers, 5604. - Year of the Alexandrian era of the world, 5598. - Year of the Antiochian era of the world, 5588. - Year of the world, according to Archbishop Usher, 4100. - Year of the world, according to Eusebius, in his Chronicon, 4322. - Year of the minor Jewish era of the world, or that in common use, 3856. - Year of the Greater Rabbinical era of the world, 4455. - Year from the Flood, according to Archbishop Usher, and the English Bible, 2444. - Year of the Cali yuga, or Indian era of the Deluge, 3198. - Year of the era of Iphitus, or since the first commencement
of the Olympic games, 1036. - Year of the era of Nabonassar, king of Babylon, 845. - Year of the CCXVIIIth Olympiad, 4. - Year from the building of Rome, according to Fabius Pictor, 843. - Year from the building of Rome, according to Frontinus, 847. - Year from the building of Rome, according to the Fasti Capitolini, 848. - Year from the building of Rome, according to Varro, which was that most generally used, 849. - Year of the era of the Seleucidae, 408. - Year of the Caesarean
era of Antioch, 144. - Year of the Julian era, 141. - Year of the Spanish era, 134. - Year from the birth of JesusChrist, according to Archbishop Usher, 100. - Year of the vulgar era of Christ's nativity, 96. - Year of Pacorus II, king of the Parthians, 6. - Year of the Dionysian period, or Easter Cycle, 97. - Year
of the Grecian Cycle of nineteen gears, or Common Golden Number, 2; or the first embolismic. - Year of the Jewish Cycle of nineteen years, 18; or the year before the seventh embolismic. - Year of the Solar Cycle, 21. - Dominical Letters,
it being the Bissextile, or Leap Year, CB. - Day of the JewishPassover, the twenty-fifth of March, which happened in this year on the day before the JewishSabbath. - Easter Sunday, the twenty seventh of March. - Epact, or age of the moon on the 22d of March, (the day of the earliest Easter Sunday possible,) 11. - Epact, according to the present mode of computation,
or the moon's age on New Year's day, or the Calends of January, 19. - Monthly Epacts, or age of the moon on the Calends of each month respectively, (beginning with January,) 19, 21, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 26, 26, 27, 29, 29. - Number
of Direction, or the number of days from the twenty-first of March to the JewishPassover, 4. - Year of the Emperor Flavius Domitianus Caesar, the last of those usually styled The Twelve Caesars, 15: Nerva began his reign in this year. - Roman Consuls, C. Antistius Vetus, and C. Maulius Valens.
The preface to this book, and the promise to them who read it, 1-3. John's address to the seven Churches of Asia, whose high calling he particularly mentions; and shows the speedy coming of Christ, 4-8. Mentions his exile to Patmos, and the appearance of the LordJesus to him, 9-11. Of whom he gives a most glorious description, 12-18. The command to write what he saw, and the explanation of the seven stars and seven golden candlesticks, 19, 20.
Verse 1. The Revelation of JesusChrist] The word apokaluyiv, from which we have our word Apocalypse, signifies literally, a revelation, or discovery of what was concealed or hidden. It is here said that this revelation, or
discovery of hidden things, was given by GOD to JesusChrist; that Christ gave it to his angel; that this angel showed it to John; and that John sent it to the CHURCHES. Thus we find it came from God to Christ, from Christ to the angel, from the angel to John, and from John to the Church. It is properly, therefore, the Revelation of God, sent by these various agents to his servants at large; and this is the proper title of the book.
Things which must shortly come to pass] On the mode of interpretation devised by Wetstein, this is plain; for if the book
were written before the destruction of Jerusalem, and the prophecies in it relate to that destruction, and the civilwars among the Romans, which lasted but three or four years, then it might be said the Revelation is of things which must shortly come to pass.
But if we consider the book as referring to the state of the Church in all ages, the words here, and those in ver. 3, must be understood of the commencement of the events predicted; as if he
had said: In a short time the train of these visions will be put in motion:- - et incipient magni procedere menses.
"And those times, pregnant with the most stupendous events, will begin to roll on."
Verse 2. Who bare record of the word of God] Is there a reference here to the first chapter of John's gospel, In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, &c.? Of this Word John did bear record. Or, does the writer mean the fidelity with which he noted and related the word-doctrines or prophecies, which he received at this time by revelation from God? This seems more consistent with the latter part of the verse.
Verse 3. Blessed is he that readeth] This is to be understood of the happiness or security of the persons who, reading and hearing the prophecies of those things which were to come to pass shortly, took proper measures to escape from the impending evils.
The time is at hand.] Either in which they shall be all fulfilled, or begin to be fulfilled. See the note on ver. 1.
These three verses contain the introduction; now the dedication to the seven Churches commences.
Verse 4. John to the seven Churches] The apostle begins this much in the manner of the Jewishprophets. They often name themselves in the messages which they receive from God to deliver to the people; e.g. "The vision of ISAIAH, the son of Amoz, which he saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem."The words of JEREMIAH, the son of Hilkiah; to whom the word of the Lord came."The word of the Lord came expressly unto EZEKIEL, the priest."The word of the Lord that came unto HOSEA, the son of Beeri."The word of the Lord that came to Joel."The words of Amos, who was among the herdsmen of Tekoa."The vision of OBADIAH; thus saith the Lord."The word of the Lord came unto Jonah." So, "The revelation of JesusChrist, which he sent and signified to his servant John."John to the seven Churches," &c.
The Asia here mentioned was what is called Asia Minor, or the Lydian or Proconsular Asia; the seven Churches were those of Ephesus, Smyrna, Pergamos, Thyatira, Sardis, Philadelphia, and Laodicea. Of these as they occur. We are not to suppose that they were the only ChristianChurches then in Asia Minor; there were several others then in Phrygia, Pamphylia, Galatia, Pontus, Cappadocia, &c., &c. But these seven were those which lay nearest to the apostle, and were more particularly under his care; though the message was sent to the Churches in general, and perhaps it concerns the whole Christianworld. But the number seven may be used here as the number of perfection; as the Hebrews use the seven names of the heavens, the seven names of the earth, the seven patriarchs, seven suns, seven kinds, seven years, seven months, seven days, &c., &c.; in which the rabbins
find a great variety of mysteries.
Grace be unto you] This form of apostolical benediction we have often seen in the preceding epistles.
From him which is, and which was, and which is to come] This phraseology is purely Jewish, and probably taken from the Tetragrammaton, hwhy YEHOVAH; which is supposed to include in itself all time, past, present,
and future. But they often use the phrase of which the o wn, kai o hn, kai o ercomenov, of the apostle, is a literal translation. So, in Sohar Chadash, fol. 7, 1: "RabbiJose said, By the name Tetragrammaton, (i.e. hwhy Yehovah,) the higher and lower regions, the heavens, the earth, and all they contain, were perfected; and they are all before him reputed as nothing:- hyhy awhw hwh awhw hyh awhw vehu
hayah, vehu hoveh, vehu yihyeh; and HE WAS, and HE IS, and HE WILL BE. So, in Shemoth Rabba, sec. 3, fol. 105, 2: "The holy
blessedGod said to Moses, tell them:- awbl dyt[l awh ynaw wy�k[ awh ynaw ytyyh� yna ani shehayithi, veani hu achshaiu, veani hu laathid
labo; I WAS, I NOW AM, and I WILL BE IN FUTURE." In Chasad Shimuel, Rab. Samuel benDavid asks: "Why are we commanded to use three hours of prayer? Answer: These hours point out the holy blessedGod:- hyhyw hwh hyh awh� shehu hayah, hoveh, veyihyeh; he who WAS, who IS, and who SHALL BE. The MORNING prayer points
out him who WAS before the foundation of the world; the NOONDAY prayer points out him who IS; and the EVENING prayer points out him who IS TO COME." This phraseology is exceedingly
appropriate, and strongly expresses the eternity of God; for we have no other idea of time than as past, or now existing, or yet to exist; nor have we any idea of eternity but as that duration called by some aeternitas a parte ante, the eternity that was before time, and aeternitas a parte post, the endless duration that shall be when time is no more. That which WAS, is the eternity before time; that which IS, is time itself; and that which IS TO COME, is the eternity which shall be when time is no more.
The seven Spirits-before his throne] The ancient Jews, who represented the throne of God as the throne of an eastern monarch, supposed that there were seven ministering angels before this throne, as there were seven ministers attendant on the throne of a Persian monarch. We have an ample proof of this, Tobit xii. 15: I am Raphael, one of the SEVEN HOLY ANGELS which present the prayers of the saints, and which go in and out before the glory of the Holy One. And in Jonathanben Uzziel's Targum, on Gen. xi. 7: God said to the SEVEN ANGELS which stand before him, Come now, &c.
In Pirkey Eliezer, iv. and vii: "The angels which were first createdminister before him without the veil." Sometimes they represent them as seven cohorts or troops of angels, under whom are thirty inferior orders.
That seven ANGELS are here meant, and not the Holy Spirit, is most evident from the place, the number, and the tradition. Those who imagine the Holy Ghost to be intended suppose the number seven is used to denote his manifold gifts and graces. That these seven spirits are angels, see chap. iii. 1; iv. 5; and particularly chap. v. 6, where they are called the seven spirits of God SENT FORTH INTO ALL THE EARTH.
Verse 8. I am Alpha and Omega] I am from eternity to eternity. This mode of speech is borrowed from the Jews, who express the whole compass of things by a aleph and t tau, the first and last letters of the Hebrew alphabet; but as
St. John was writing in Greek, he accommodates the whole to the Greek alphabet, of which a alpha and w omega are the first and last letters. With the rabbins t d[w am meeleph vead tau, "from aleph to tau," expressed the whole of a
matter, from the beginning to the end. So in Yalcut Rubeni, fol. 17, i5: Adamtransgressed the whole law from aleph to tau; i.e., from the beginning to the end. Ibid., fol. 48, i5: Abraham observed the law, from aleph to tau; i.e., he kept it entirely, from beginning to end. Ibid., fol. 128, 3: When the holy blessedGod pronounced a blessing on the Israelites, he did it from aleph to tau; i.e., he did it perfectly.
The beginning and the ending] That is, as aleph or alpha is the beginning of the alphabet, so am I the author and cause of all things; as tau or omega is the end or last letter of the alphabet, so am I the end of all thinks, the destroyer as well as the establisher of all
things. This clause is wanting in almost every MS. and version of importance. It appears to have been added first as an explanatory
note, and in process of time crept into the text. Griesbach has left it out of the text. It is worthy of remark, that as the
union of a aleph and t tau in Hebrew make ta eth, which the rabbins interpret of the first matter out of which all things were formed, (see on Gen. i. 1;) so the union of a alpha and w omega, in Greek, makes the verb aw, I breathe, and may very properly, in such a symbolical book, point out Him in whom we live, and move, and have our being; for, having formed man out of the dust of the earth, he breathed into his nostrils the breath of life, and he became a living soul; and it is by the inspiration or inbreathing of his Spirit that the souls of men are quickened, made alive from the dead, and fitted for lifeeternal. He adds also that he is the Almighty, the all- powerful framer of the universe, and the inspirer of men.
And patience of Jesus] Meekly bearing all indignities, privations, and sufferings, for the sake and after the example of our Lord and Master.
The isle that is called Patmos] This island is one of the Sporades, and lies in the AEgean Sea, between the island of Icaria, and the promontory of Miletus. It is now called Pactino, Patmol, or Palmosa. It has derived all its celebrity
from being the place to which St. John was banished by one of the Romanemperors; whether Domitian, Claudius, or Nero, is not agreed on, but it was most probably the latter. The island has a convent on a well fortified hill, dedicated to John the apostle; the inhabitants are said to amount to about three hundred men, and about twenty women to one man.
It is very barren, producing very little grain, but abounding in partridges, quails, turtles, pigeons, snipes, and rabbits. It has many good harbours, and is much infested
by pirates. Patmos, its capital and chief harbour, lies in east LONG. 26� 24', north LAT. 37� 24'. The whole island is about thirty miles in circumference.
And heard behind me a great voice] This voice came unexpectedly and suddenly. He felt himself under the Divine afflatus; but did not know what scenes were to be represented.
As of a trumpet] This was calculated to call in every wandering thought, to fix his attention, and solemnize his whole frame. Thus God prepared Moses to receive the law. See Exod. xix. 16, 19, &c.
Verse 11. I am Alpha and Omega, the first and the last: and] This whole clause is wanting in ABC, thirty-one others; some editions; the Syriac, Coptic,
AEthiopic, Armenian, Slavonic, Vulgate, Arethas, Andreas, and Primasius. Griesbach has left it out of the text.
Saying-What thou seest, write in a book] Carefully note down every thing that is represented to thee. John had the visions from heaven; but he described them in his own language and manner.
Send it unto the seven Churches] The names of which immediately follow. In Asia. This is wanting in the principal MSS. and versions.
Griesbach has left it out of the text.
Ephesus] This was a city of Ionia, in Asia Minor, situated at the mouth of the river Cayster, on the shore of the AEgean Sea, about fifty miles south of Smyrna. See preface to the Epistle to the Ephesians.
Pergamos] A town of Mysia, situated on the river Caicus. It was the royal residence of Eumenes, and the kings of the race of the Attali. It was anciently famous for its library, which contained,
according to Plutarch, two hundredthousand volumes. It was here that the membranae Pergameniae, Pergamenian skins, were invented; from which we derive our word parchment. Pergamos was the birthplace of Galen; and in it P. Scipio died. It is now called Pergamo and Bergamo, and is situated in long. 27� 0' E., lat. 39� 13' N.
Thyatira] Now called Akissat and Ak-kissar, a city of Natolia, in Asia Minor, seated on the river Hermus, in a plain eighteen miles broad, and is about fifty miles from Pergamos; long. 27� 49' E., lat. 38� 16' N. The houses are chiefly built of earth, but the mosques are all of marble. Many remarkable ancient inscriptions have been discovered in this place.
Sardis] Now called Sardo and Sart, a town of Asia, in Natolia, about forty miles east from Smyrna. It is seated on the side of mount Tmolus, and was once the capital of the
Lydian kings, and here Croesus reigned. It is now a poor, inconsiderable village. Long. 28� 5' E., lat. 37� 51' N.
Philadelphia] A city of Natolia, seated at the foot of mount Tmolus, by the river Cogamus. It was founded by Attalus Philadelphus, brother of Eumenes, from whom it derived its name. It is now called Alah-sheker, and is about forty miles ESE. of Smyrna. Long. 28�
15' E., lat. 38� 28' N.
Laodicea] A town of Phrygia, on the river Lycus; first called Diospolis, or the city of Jupiter. It was built by Antiochus Theos, and named after his consort Laodice. See the note on Colossians ii. 1. And, for a very
recent account of these seven Churches, see a letter from the chap. Henry Lindsay, inserted at the end of chap. 3.
Verse 12. And I turned For he had heard the voice behind him. To see the voice; i.e., the person from whom the voice came.
Seven golden candlesticks] �epta lucniav crusav? Seven golden lamps.
It is absurd to say, a golden silver, or brazen candlestick. These seven lamps represented the seven Churches, in which the light of God was continually shining, and the love of God continually burning. And they are here represented as golden, to show how precious they were in the sight of God. This is a reference to the temple at Jerusalem, where there was a candlestick or chandelier of seven branches; or rather six branches; three springing out on either side, and one in the center. See Exod. xxv. 31-37.
Verse 14. His head and his hairs were white like wool] This was not only an emblem of his antiquity, but it was the evidence of his glory; for the whiteness or splendour of his head and hair doubtless proceeded from the rays of light and glory which encircled his head, and darted from it in all directions. The splendour around the head was termed by the Romans nimbus, and by us a glory; and was represented round the heads of gods, deified persons, and saints. It is used in the same way through almost all the nations of the earth.
Verse 15. His feet like unto fine brass] An emblem of his stability and permanence, brass being considered the most durable of all metallic substances or compounds.
The original word, calkolibanon, means the famous aurichalcum, or factitious metal, which, according to Suidas, was eidov
hlektrou, timwteron crusou, "a kind of amber, more precious than gold." It seems to have been a composition of gold, silver, and brass, and the same with the Corinthian brass, so highly famed and valued; for when Lucius Mummius took and burnt the city of Corinth, many statues of these three metals, being melted, had run together, and formed the composition already mentioned, and which was held in as high estimation as gold. See Pliny, Hist. Nat., lib. 34, c. 2; Florus, lib. 2, c. 16. It may however mean no more than copper melted with lapis calaminaris,
which converts it into brass; and the flame that proceeds from the metal during this operation is one of the most intensely and unsufferably vivid that can be imagined. I have often seen several furnaces employed in this operation, and the flames bursting up through the earth (for these furnaces are under ground) always called to remembrance this description given by St. John: His feet of fine brass, as if they burned in a furnace; the propriety and accuracy of which none could doubt, and every one must feel who has viewed this most dazzling operation.
His voice as the sound of many waters.] The same description we find in Ezek. xliii. 2: The glory of the God of Israel came from the way of the east; and his voice was like the noise of many waters: and the earth shined with his glory.
Out of his mouth went a sharp two-edged sword] This is no doubt intended to point out the judgments about to be pronounced by Christ against the rebellious Jews and persecuting Romans; God's judgments were just now going to fall upon both. The sharp two-edged sword may represent the word of God in general, according to that saying of the apostle, Heb. iv. 12: The word of God is quick and powerful, sharper than any two-edged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, &c. And the word of God is termed the sword of the Spirit, Eph. vi. 17.
And his countenance was as the sun shineth in his strength.] His face was like the disk of the sun in the brightest summer's day, when there were no clouds to abate the splendour of his rays. A similar form of expression is found in Judg. v. x21: Let them that love him be as the sun when he GOETH FORTH IN HIS MIGHT. And a similar description may be found, Midrash in Yalcut Simeoni, part
I., fol. 55, i5: "When Moses and Aaron came and stood before Pharaoh, they appeared like the ministering angels; and their stature, like the cedars of Lebanon:- hmj ylglgl �ymwd �hyny[ ylglgw vegalgilley eyneyhem domim legalgilley chammah, and the pupils of their eyes were like the wheels of the sun; and their beards were as the grape of the palmtrees:- hmj wyzk �hynp wyzw veziv peneyhem keziv chammah, and the splendour of THEIR FACES was as the splendour of the SUN."
Verse 17. I fell at his feet as dead.] The appearance of the glory of the Lord had then same effect upon Ezekiel, Ezekiel i. x18: and the appearance of Gabriel had the same effect on Daniel, Dan. viii. 17. The terrible splendour of such majesty was more than the apostle could bear, and he fell down deprived of his senses, but was soon enabled to behold the vision by a communication of strength from our Lord's right hand.
Verse 18. I am he that liveth, and was dead] I am Jesus the saviour, who, though the fountain of life, have died for mankind; and being raised from the dead I shall die no more, the great sacrifice being consummated. And have the keys of death and the grave, so that I can destroy the living and raise the dead. The key here signifies the power and authority over life, death, and the grave. This is also a rabbinical form of speech. In the Jerusalem Targum, on Gen. xxx. 22, are these words: "There are four KEYS in the hand of God which he never trusts to angel or seraph. 1. The key of the rain; 2. The key of provision; 3. The key of the grave; and 4.
The key of the barrenwomb." In Sanhedrin, fol. 113, 1, it is said: "When the son of the woman of Sarepta died, Elijah requested that to him might be given the key of the resurrection of the dead. They said to him, there are three KEYS which
are not given into the hand of the apostle, the key of life, the key of the rain, and the key of the resurrection of the dead." From these examples it is evident that we should understand
adhv, hades, here, not as hell, nor the place of separate spirits, but merely as the grave; and the key we find to be merely the emblem of power and authority. Christ can both save and destroy, can kill and make alive. Death is still under his dominion, and he can recall the dead whensoever he pleases. He is the resurrection and the life.
Verse 19. Write the things which thou hast seen] These visions and prophecies are for general instruction, and therefore every circumstance must be faithfully recorded. What he had seen was to be written; what he was about to see, relative to the seven Churches, must be also written; and what he was to see afterwards, concerning other Churches and states, to be recorded likewise.
1. IN the seven stars there may be an allusion to the seals of different offices under potentates, each of which had its own particular seal, which
verified all instruments from that office; and as these seals were frequently set in rings which were worn on the fingers, there may be an allusion to those brilliants set in rings, and worn epi thv dexiav, UPON the right hand. In Jeremiah xxii. 24, Coniah is represented as a signet on the right hand of the Lord; and that such signets were in rings see Gen. xxxviii. 18, 25; Exod. xviii. 11; Dan. vi. 17, Haggai ii. 23. On close examination we shall find that all the symbols in this book have their foundation either in nature, fact, custom, or general opinion. One of the cutchery seals of the late Tippoo Saib, with which he stamped all the commissions of that
office, lies now before me; it is cut on silver, in the Taaleck character, and the piece of silver is set in a large gold ring, heavy, but roughly manufactured.
5. How careful should the ministers of Christ be that they proclaim nothing as truth, and accredit nothing as truth, but what comes from their master! They should also take heed lest, after having preached to others, themselves should be cast-aways; lest God should say unto them as he said of Coniah, As I live, saith the Lord, though Coniah, the son of Jehoiakim, were the SIGNET UPON MY RIGHT HAND, yet would I pluck thee thence.
BIBLE PROPHECY ALERT UPDATE: ON May 31 2oo7 the Israeli Home Command
issued a warning through the Jerusalem Post calling for all Israelis to be prepared for the possibility of " all out war",
after troubles in both the South and the North.
Pray for the Peace of Jerusalem and We continue always to support
the Nation of Israel, as do all who love the LORD JESUS in spirit and in truth, for all Israel shall be saved IN ONE DAY,
when they turn to YESHUA (JESUS) and proclaim, Blessed is He who comes in the Name of YHWH.
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